Recover a MariaDB database

NOTE: We are in the process of modifying the configuration for many Bitnami stacks. On account of these changes, the file paths and commands stated in this guide may change depending on whether your Bitnami stack uses MySQL or MariaDB. To identify which database server is used in your stack, run the command below:

 $ test -d /opt/bitnami/mariadb && echo "MariaDB" || echo "MySQL"

The output of the command indicates which database server (MySQL or MariaDB) is used by the installation, and will allow you to identify which guides to follow in our documentation for common database-related operations.

Check logs

Before trying to recover a MariaDB database, you should check the exact error in the log file. To check the latest entries in the MariaDB log file, run the command below:

$ sudo tail -n 100 /opt/bitnami/mariadb/logs/mysqld.log

Restart and repair the database

Assume the following error in the log file:

110108 10:37:45 [ERROR] Fatal error: Can't open and lock privilege tables: Table 'user' is marked as crashed
  • The MariaDB database is configured to use InnoDB engine by default. You can add the innodb_force_recovery=1 option in the main MariaDB configuration file at /opt/bitnami/mariadb/my.cnf to try and fix the database:

      innodb_force_recovery = 1
  • Start the MariaDB database with the following command:

      $ mysqld --skip-grant-tables --user=mysql --skip-external-locking --port=3306 --sock=/opt/bitnami/mariadb/tmp/mysql.sock
  • Open a new console and try to log in to the database:

      $ mysql -u root -p
  • In this case, the error was related to the mysql.user table. Run these commands:

      MariaDB> use mysql;
      MariaDB> repair table user;
      MariaDB> check table user;
      MariaDB> exit;

If the table is recovered, you should see “OK” in the mysql.user status table. Do not forget to remove the innodb_force_recovery option from the my.cnf file and restart the MariaDB server again.

$ sudo /opt/bitnami/ restart mariadb

If you find a different error or cannot fix an issue, we can try to help at

Last modification February 9, 2023