Create an SSL certificate
You can create your own SSL certificate with the OpenSSL binary. A certificate request can then be sent to a certificate authority (CA) to get it signed into a certificate, or if you have your own certificate authority, you may sign it yourself, or you can use a self-signed certificate (because you just want a test certificate or because you are setting up your own CA).
NOTE: In the following steps, replace the APPNAME placeholder with the name of your application directory.
Generate a new private key:
$ sudo openssl genrsa -out installdir/nginx/conf/server.key 2048
Create a certificate:
$ sudo openssl req -new -key installdir/nginx/conf/server.key -out installdir/nginx/conf/cert.csr
IMPORTANT: Enter the server domain name when the above command asks for the “Common Name”.
Send cert.csr to the certificate authority. When the certificate authority completes their checks (and probably received payment from you), they will hand over your new certificate to you.
Until the certificate is received, create a temporary self-signed certificate:
$ sudo openssl x509 -in installdir/nginx/conf/cert.csr -out installdir/nginx/conf/server.crt -req -signkey installdir/nginx/conf/server.key -days 365
Back up your private key in a safe location after generating a password-protected version as follows:
$ sudo openssl rsa -des3 -in installdir/nginx/conf/server.key -out privkey.pem
Note that if you use this encrypted key in the configuration file, Nginx won’t be able to start. Regenerate the key without password protection from this file as follows:
$ sudo openssl rsa -in privkey.pem -out installdir/nginx/conf/server.key
Find more information about certificates at http://www.openssl.org.