Bitnami Joomla! Installer

NOTE: Before running the commands shown on this page, you should load the Bitnami stack environment by executing the installdir/use_APPNAME script (Linux and Mac OS X) or by clicking the shortcut in the Start Menu under "Start -> Bitnami APPNAME Stack -> Application console" (Windows). Learn more.
NOTE: When running the commands shown on this page, replace the installdir placeholder with the full installation directory for your Bitnami stack.

Description

Joomla! is an award winning open source CMS platform for building websites and applications. Written in PHP, it is one of the most popular platforms on the internet for static websites and blogs.

First steps with the Bitnami Joomla! Stack

Welcome to your new Bitnami application! Here are a few questions (and answers!) you might need when first starting with your application.

What are the system requirements?

Before you download and install your application, check that your system meets these requirements.

How do I install the Bitnami Joomla! Stack?

Windows, OS X and Linux installer
  • Download the executable file for the Bitnami Joomla! Stack from the Bitnami website.

  • Run the downloaded file:

    • On Linux, give the installer executable permissions and run the installation file in the console.
    • On other platforms, double-click the installer and follow the instructions shown.

Check the FAQ instructions on how to download and install a Bitnami Stack for more details.

The application will be installed to the following default directories:

Operating System Directory
Windows C:\Bitnami\APPNAME-VERSION
Mac OS X /Applications/APPNAME-VERSION
Linux /opt/APPNAME-VERSION (running as root user)
OS X VM
  • Download the OS X VM file for the Bitnami Joomla! Stack from the Bitnami website.
  • Begin the installation process by double-clicking the image file and dragging the WordPress OS X VM icon to the Applications folder.
  • Launch the VM by double-clicking the icon in the Applications folder.

What credentials do I need?

You need application credentials, consisting of a username and password. These credentials allow you to log in to your new Bitnami application.

What is the administrator username set for me to log in to the application for the first time?

  • For Windows, Linux and OS X installers, the username was configured by you when you first installed the application.
  • For OS X VMs, the username can be obtained by clicking the Bitnami badge at the bottom right corner of the application welcome page.

What is the administrator password?

  • For Windows, Linux and OS X installers, the password was configured by you when you first installed the application.
  • For OS X VMs, the password can be obtained by clicking the Bitnami badge at the bottom right corner of the application welcome page.

How to start or stop the services?

Linux

Bitnami native installers include a graphical tool to manage services. This tool is named manager-linux-x64.run on Linux and is located in the installation directory. To use this tool, double-click the file and then use the graphical interface to start, stop or restart services. Server log messages can be checked in the "Server Events" tab.

Management tool

The native installer also includes a command-line script to start, stop and restart applications, named ctlscript.sh. This script can be found in the installation directory and accepts the options start, stop, restart, and status. To use it, log in to the server console and execute it following the examples below:

  • Call it without any service names to start all services:

      $ sudo installdir/ctlscript.sh start
    
  • Use it to restart a specific service only by passing the service name as argument - for example, mysql, postgresql or apache:

      $ sudo installdir/ctlscript.sh restart mysql
      $ sudo installdir/ctlscript.sh restart postgresql
      $ sudo installdir/ctlscript.sh restart apache
    
  • Obtain current status of all services:

      $ installdir/ctlscript.sh status
    

The list of available services varies depending on the required components for each application.

Mac OS X

Bitnami native installers include a graphical tool to manage services. This tool is named manager-osx on Mac OS X and is located in the installation directory. To use this tool, double-click the file and then use the graphical interface to start, stop or restart services. Server log messages can be checked in the "Server Events" tab.

Management tool

The native installer also includes a command-line script to start, stop and restart applications, named ctlscript.sh. This script can be found in the installation directory and accepts the options start, stop, restart, and status. To use it, log in to the server console and execute it following the examples below:

  • Call it without any service names to start all services:

    $ sudo installdir/ctlscript.sh start
    
  • Use it to restart a specific service only by passing the service name as argument - for example, mysql or apache:

     $ sudo installdir/ctlscript.sh restart mysql
     $ sudo installdir/ctlscript.sh restart apache
    
  • Obtain current status of all services:

     $ installdir/ctlscript.sh status
    

The list of available services varies depending on the required components for each application.

NOTE: If you are using the stack manager for Mac OS X-VM, please check the following blog post to learn how to manage services from its graphical tool.

Windows

Bitnami native installers include a graphical tool to manage services. This tool is named manager-windows.exe on Windows and is located in the installation directory. To use this tool, double-click the file and then use the graphical interface to start, stop or restart services. Server log messages can be checked in the "Server Events" tab.

Management tool

The Windows native installer creates shortcuts to start and stop services created in the Start Menu, under "Programs -> Bitnami APPNAME Stack -> Bitnami Service". Servers can also be managed from the Windows "Services" control panel. Services are named using the format APPNAMESERVICENAME, where APPNAME is a placeholder for the application name and SERVICENAME is a placeholder for the service name. For example, the native installer for the Bitnami WordPress Stack installs services named wordpressApache and wordpressMySQL.

These services will be automatically started during boot. To modify this behaviour, refer to the section on disabling services on Windows.

How to change the interface language?

Bitnami Joomla! already has English, Spanish and other translations installed. If you want to change the language, follow these steps:

  • Download your language translation from http://joomlacode.org/gf/project/jtranslation1_6/frs/.
  • Go to "Extensions -> Extension Manager" in the administration panel and upload the package.
  • Go to "Extensions -> Language Manager" and enable your language for the Site and for the Administration panel.

How to access the administration panel?

Access the administration panel by browsing to http://localhost/administrator.

How to configure outbound email settings?

Configure the email settings using the "Global Configuration -> Server" menu. You can use "SMTP" as the mailer and configure it with your email server provider. Here is an example using Gmail. Replace USERNAME and PASSWORD with your Gmail account username and password respectively.

Mailer: SMTP
From email: USERNAME@gmail.com
From name: My Name
SMTP Authentication: Yes
SMTP Security: TLS
SMTP Port: 587
SMTP Username: USERNAME@gmail.com
SMTP Password: PASSWORD
SMTP Host: smtp.gmail.com

To configure the application to use other third-party SMTP services for outgoing email, such as SendGrid or Mandrill, refer to the FAQ.

NOTE: If you are using Gmail as the outbound email server and have experienced issues trying to send emails correctly, check the How to troubleshoot Gmail SMTP issues to learn the causes of these issues and how to solve them.

How to install a plugin on Joomla!?

You can install any modules from the "Extension Manager" tool in the Administrator Panel. You can upload the module directly or specify the link to the download.

How to create a full backup of Joomla!?

The Bitnami Joomla! Stack is self-contained and the simplest option for performing a backup is to copy or compress the Bitnami stack installation directory. To do so in a safe manner, you will need to stop all servers, so this method may not be appropriate if you have people accessing the application continuously.

NOTE: If you want to create only a database backup, refer to these instructions for MySQL and PostgreSQL.

Backup on Linux and Mac OS X

Follow these steps:

  • Change to the directory in which you wish to save your backup.

     $ cd /your/directory
    
  • Stop all servers.

     $ sudo installdir/ctlscript.sh stop
    
  • Create a compressed file with the stack contents.

     $ sudo tar -pczvf application-backup.tar.gz installdir
    
  • Start all servers.

     $ sudo installdir/ctlscript.sh start
    
  • Download or transfer the application-backup.tar.gz file to a safe location.

You should now download or transfer the application-backup.tar.gz file to a safe location.

Backup on Windows

Follow these steps:

  • Stop all servers using the shortcuts in the Start Menu or the graphical manager tool.

  • Create a compressed file with the stack contents. You can use a graphical tool like 7-Zip or WinZip or just right-click the folder, click "Send to", and select the "Compressed (zipped) folder" option.

  • Download or transfer the compressed file to a safe location.

  • Start all servers using the shortcuts in the Start Menu or the graphical manager tool.

Restore on Linux and Mac OS X

Follow these steps:

  • Change to the directory containing your backup:

    $ cd /your/directory
    
  • Stop all servers.

    $ sudo installdir/ctlscript.sh stop
    
  • Move the current stack to a different location:

    $ sudo mv installdir /tmp/bitnami-backup
    
  • Uncompress the backup file to the original directory:

    $ sudo tar -pxzvf application-backup.tar.gz -C /
    
  • Start all servers.

    $ sudo installdir/ctlscript.sh start
    
IMPORTANT: When restoring, remember to maintain the original permissions for the files and folders. For example, if you originally installed the stack as the root user on Linux, make sure that the restored files are owned by root as well.

Restore on Windows

  • Change to the directory containing your backup:

       $ cd /your/directory
    
  • Stop all servers using the shortcuts in the Start Menu or the graphical manager tool.

  • Uninstall the previous services by executing the following command:

        $ serviceinstall.bat
    
  • Create a safe folder named Backups in the desktop and move the current stack to it. Remember to replace PATH with the right location of your folder:

        $ move installdir \PATH\Backups
    
  • Uncompress the backup file using a tool like 7-Zip or Winzip or just double-click the .zip file to uncompress it, and move it to the original directory.
  • Install services by running the following commands from an elevated command prompt:

      $ cd installdir
      $ serviceinstall.bat INSTALL
    
  • Start all servers using the shortcuts in the Start Menu or the graphical manager tool.

How to upgrade Joomla!?

It is strongly recommended to create a backup before starting the update process. If you have important data, create and try to restore a backup to ensure that everything works properly.

If you want to upgrade only Joomla!, it is possible to upgrade it from the administration panel as follows:

  • Log in to the Joomla! administration panel.
  • Select the "Components -> Joomla! Update" menu item.
  • If an update is available, it will be displayed. Click the "Install the update" button.

    Joomla Update

Your installation will now be updated. You will see a success message once the update is complete.

Joomla Update

How to create an SSL certificate?

OpenSSL is required to create an SSL certificate. A certificate request can then be sent to a certificate authority (CA) to get it signed into a certificate, or if you have your own certificate authority, you may sign it yourself, or you can use a self-signed certificate (because you just want a test certificate or because you are setting up your own CA).

Follow the steps below for your platform.

Linux and Mac OS X

NOTE: OpenSSL will typically already be installed on Linux and Mac OS X. If not installed, install it manually using your operating system's package manager.

Follow the steps below:

  • Generate a new private key:

     $ sudo openssl genrsa -out installdir/apache2/conf/server.key 2048
    
  • Create a certificate:

     $ sudo openssl req -new -key installdir/apache2/conf/server.key -out installdir/apache2/conf/cert.csr
    
    IMPORTANT: Enter the server domain name when the above command asks for the "Common Name".
  • Send cert.csr to the certificate authority. When the certificate authority completes their checks (and probably received payment from you), they will hand over your new certificate to you.

  • Until the certificate is received, create a temporary self-signed certificate:

     $ sudo openssl x509 -in installdir/apache2/conf/cert.csr -out installdir/apache2/conf/server.crt -req -signkey installdir/apache2/conf/server.key -days 365
    
  • Back up your private key in a safe location after generating a password-protected version as follows:

     $ sudo openssl rsa -des3 -in installdir/apache2/conf/server.key -out privkey.pem
    

    Note that if you use this encrypted key in the Apache configuration file, it will be necessary to enter the password manually every time Apache starts. Regenerate the key without password protection from this file as follows:

     $ sudo openssl rsa -in privkey.pem -out installdir/apache2/conf/server.key
    

Windows

NOTE: OpenSSL is not typically installed on Windows. Before following the steps below, download and install a binary distribution of OpenSSL.

Follow the steps below once OpenSSL is installed:

  • Set the OPENSSL_CONF environment variable to the location of your OpenSSL configuration file. Typically, this file is located in the bin/ subdirectory of your OpenSSL installation directory. Replace the OPENSSL-DIRECTORY placeholder in the command below with the correct location.

     $ set OPENSSL_CONF=C:\OPENSSL-DIRECTORY\bin\openssl.cfg
    
  • Change to the bin/ sub-directory of the OpenSSL installation directory. Replace the OPENSSL-DIRECTORY placeholder in the command below with the correct location.

     $ cd C:\OPENSSL-DIRECTORY\bin
    
  • Generate a new private key:

     $ openssl genrsa -out installdir/apache2/conf/server.key 2048
    
  • Create a certificate:

     $ openssl req -new -key installdir/apache2/conf/server.key -out installdir/apache2/conf/cert.csr
    
    IMPORTANT: Enter the server domain name when the above command asks for the "Common Name".
  • Send cert.csr to the certificate authority. When the certificate authority completes their checks (and probably received payment from you), they will hand over your new certificate to you.

  • Until the certificate is received, create a temporary self-signed certificate:

     $ openssl x509 -in installdir/apache2/conf/cert.csr -out installdir/apache2/conf/server.crt -req -signkey installdir/apache2/conf/server.key -days 365
    
  • Back up your private key in a safe location after generating a password-protected version as follows:

     $ openssl rsa -des3 -in installdir/apache2/conf/server.key -out privkey.pem
    

    Note that if you use this encrypted key in the Apache configuration file, it will be necessary to enter the password manually every time Apache starts. Regenerate the key without password protection from this file as follows:

     $ openssl rsa -in privkey.pem -out installdir/apache2/conf/server.key
    

Find more information about certificates at http://www.openssl.org.

How to enable HTTPS support with SSL certificates?

TIP: If you wish to use a Let's Encrypt certificate, you will find specific instructions for enabling HTTPS support with Let's Encrypt SSL certificates in our Let's Encrypt guide.
NOTE: The steps below assume that you are using a custom domain name and that you have already configured the custom domain name to point to your cloud server.

Bitnami images come with SSL support already pre-configured and with a dummy certificate in place. Although this dummy certificate is fine for testing and development purposes, you will usually want to use a valid SSL certificate for production use. You can either generate this on your own (explained here) or you can purchase one from a commercial certificate authority.

Once you obtain the certificate and certificate key files, you will need to update your server to use them. Follow these steps to activate SSL support:

  • Use the table below to identify the correct locations for your certificate and configuration files.

    Variable Value
    Current application URL https://[custom-domain]/
      Example: https://my-domain.com/ or https://my-domain.com/appname
    Apache configuration file installdir/apache2/conf/bitnami/bitnami.conf
    Certificate file installdir/apache2/conf/server.crt
    Certificate key file installdir/apache2/conf/server.key
    CA certificate bundle file (if present) installdir/apache2/conf/server-ca.crt
  • Copy your SSL certificate and certificate key file to the specified locations.

    NOTE: If you use different names for your certificate and key files, you should reconfigure the SSLCertificateFile and SSLCertificateKeyFile directives in the corresponding Apache configuration file to reflect the correct file names.
  • If your certificate authority has also provided you with a PEM-encoded Certificate Authority (CA) bundle, you must copy it to the correct location in the previous table. Then, modify the Apache configuration file to include the following line below the SSLCertificateKeyFile directive. Choose the correct directive based on your scenario and Apache version:

    Variable Value
    Apache configuration file installdir/apache2/conf/bitnami/bitnami.conf
    Directive to include (Apache v2.4.8+) SSLCACertificateFile "installdir/apache2/conf/server-ca.crt"
    Directive to include (Apache < v2.4.8) SSLCertificateChainFile "installdir/apache2/conf/server-ca.crt"
    NOTE: If you use a different name for your CA certificate bundle, you should reconfigure the SSLCertificateChainFile or SSLCACertificateFile directives in the corresponding Apache configuration file to reflect the correct file name.
  • Once you have copied all the server certificate files, you may make them readable by the root user only with the following commands:

     $ sudo chown root:root installdir/apache2/conf/server*
    
     $ sudo chmod 600 installdir/apache2/conf/server*
    
  • Open port 443 in the server firewall. Refer to the FAQ for more information.

  • Restart the Apache server.

You should now be able to access your application using an HTTPS URL.

How to force HTTPS redirection with Apache?

Add the following lines in the default Apache virtual host configuration file at installdir/apache2/conf/bitnami/bitnami.conf, inside the default VirtualHost directive, so that it looks like this:

<VirtualHost _default_:80>
  DocumentRoot "installdir/apache2/htdocs"
  RewriteEngine On
  RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on
  RewriteRule ^/(.*) https://%{SERVER_NAME}/$1 [R,L]
  ...
</VirtualHost>

After modifying the Apache configuration files:

  • Open port 443 in the server firewall. Refer to the FAQ for more information.

  • Restart Apache to apply the changes.

How to debug Apache errors?

Once Apache starts, it will create two log files at installdir/apache2/logs/access_log and installdir/apache2/logs/error_log respectively.

  • The access_log file is used to track client requests. When a client requests a document from the server, Apache records several parameters associated with the request in this file, such as: the IP address of the client, the document requested, the HTTP status code, and the current time.

  • The error_log file is used to record important events. This file includes error messages, startup messages, and any other significant events in the life cycle of the server. This is the first place to look when you run into a problem when using Apache.

If no error is found, you will see a message similar to:

Syntax OK

How to find the MySQL database credentials?

How to connect to the MySQL database?

You can connect to the MySQL database from the same computer where it is installed with the mysql client tool.

$ mysql -u root -p

You will be prompted to enter the root user password. This is the same as the application password.

How to debug errors in your database?

The main log file is created at installdir/mysql/data/mysqld.log on the MySQL database server host.

How to change the MySQL root password?

You can modify the MySQL password using the following command at the shell prompt. Replace the NEW_PASSWORD placeholder with the actual password you wish to set.

$ installdir/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -p -u root password NEW_PASSWORD

How to reset the MySQL root password?

If you don't remember your MySQL root password, you can follow the steps below to reset it to a new value:

  • Create a file in /home/bitnami/mysql-init with the content shown below (replace NEW_PASSWORD with the password you wish to use):

     UPDATE mysql.user SET Password=PASSWORD('NEW_PASSWORD') WHERE User='root';
     FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
    

    If your stack ships MySQL v5.7.x, use the following content instead of that shown above:

     UPDATE mysql.user SET authentication_string=PASSWORD('NEW_PASSWORD') WHERE User='root';
     FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
    
    TIP: Check the MySQL version with the command installdir/mysql/bin/mysqladmin --version or installdir/mysql/bin/mysqld --version.
  • Stop the MySQL server:

     $ sudo installdir/ctlscript.sh stop mysql
    
  • Start MySQL with the following command:

     $ sudo installdir/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe --pid-file=installdir/mysql/data/mysqld.pid --datadir=installdir/mysql/data --init-file=/home/bitnami/mysql-init 2> /dev/null &
    
  • Restart the MySQL server:

     $ sudo installdir/ctlscript.sh restart mysql
    
  • Remove the script:

     $ rm /home/bitnami/mysql-init
    

How to change the MySQL root password in Windows?

You can modify the MySQL password using the following command at the shell prompt. Replace the NEW_PASSWORD placeholder with the actual password you wish to set.

installdir\mysql\bin\mysqladmin.exe -p -u root password NEW_PASSWORD

How to reset the MySQL root password in Windows?

If you don't remember your MySQL root password, you can follow the steps below to reset it to a new value:

  • Stop the MySQL server using the graphic manager tool. Refer to the how to start or stop the services section.
  • Check the MySQL version:

    installdir\mysql\bin\mysqladmin.exe –version

  • Create a file named mysql-init.txt with the content shown below depending on your MySQL version (replace NEW_PASSWORD with the password you wish to use):
    • MySQL 5.6.x or earlier:

       UPDATE mysql.user SET Password=PASSWORD('NEW_PASSWORD') 
       WHERE User='root';
       FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
      
    • MySQL 5.7.x or later:

       ALTER USER 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'NEW_PASSWORD'; 
      
  • Start MySQL server with the following command. Remember to replace PATH with the location in which you have saved the mysql-init.txt file:

     installdir " installdir\mysql\bin\mysqld.exe" --defaults-file=" installdir\mysql\my.ini" --init-file="\PATH\mysql-init.txt" --console
    
    • The --init file option is used by the server for executing the content of the mysql-init.txt file at startup, it will change each root account password.
    • The --defaults-file option is specified since you have installed MySQL using the Bitnami installer.
    • The --console option (optional) has been added in order to show the server output at the console window rather than in the log file.
  • After some minutes, hit Ctrl-C to force the shutdown.
  • Restart the MySQL server from the graphic manager tool.
  • After the server has restarted successfully, delete the mysql-init.txt file.

How to access phpMyAdmin?

You should be able to access phpMyAdmin directly, by browsing to http://127.0.0.1/phpmyadmin.

The username is root for phpMyAdmin, and the password is the one specified by you during the installation process.

How to modify PHP settings for Apache?

The PHP configuration file allows you to configure the modules enabled, the email settings or the size of the upload files. It is located at installdir/php/etc/php.ini.

For example, to modify the default upload limit for PHP, update the PHP configuration file following these instructions.

After modifying the PHP configuration file, restart both Apache and PHP-FPM for the changes to take effect:

$ sudo installdir/ctlscript.sh restart apache
$ sudo installdir/ctlscript.sh restart php-fpm

How to modify the allowed limit for uploaded files in Apache?

Modify the following options in the installdir/php/etc/php.ini file to increase the allowed size for uploads:

; Maximum size of POST data that PHP will accept.
post_max_size = 16M

; Maximum allowed size for uploaded files.
upload_max_filesize = 16M

Restart PHP-FPM and Apache for the changes to take effect.

$ sudo installdir/ctlscript.sh restart apache
$ sudo installdir/ctlscript.sh restart php-fpm    

How to enable cache settings of Joomla!?

Enabling the cache will boost the overall performance of your installation. You can enable easily the caching system through the administrator panel of Joomla!.

  • Click the "System" and "Global Configuration" tabs:

    Joomla configuration

  • Go to the "System" tab and check the "Cache Settings" configuration. Change cache setting to "ON - Conservative Caching":

    Joomla cache configuration

  • Activate the Cache Plugin. Go to "Extensions -> Plugin Manager" tab, search for "cache" and enable the "System - Cache" extension.

    Joomla cache configuration

How to enable Gzip Page Compressor of Joomla!?

Gzip Page Compressor saves around 50-70% of the file size. This means that it takes less time to load your pages, and less bandwidth is used over all.

  • Click the "System" and "Global Configuration" tabs:

    Joomla configuration

  • Go to the "Server" tab and enable "Gzip Page Compression":

    Enable Gzip compression

Troubleshooting Joomla

The Joomla upgrade process is not working (permission errors)

This error arises when certain file permissions conflict with the automatic upgrade process if you are running a version of the Joomla stack below 3.6.5-0. This error consists on a lack of permissions in the Joomla files causing some issues in the automatic upgrade process. If you are experiencing this error, follow these steps to solve it:

  • Check the permissions of the Joomla files. They must be owned by bitnami/daemon and the permissions must be:

    • -rw-rw-r–: for files.
    • drwxrwxr-x: for directories
  • Log in to your machine console via SSH and execute the following:

    $ sudo find installdir/apps/joomla/htdocs/ -type d -exec chmod 775 {} \;
    $ sudo find installdir/apps/joomla/htdocs/ -type f -exec chmod 664 {} \;
    
  • Retry the upgrade process marking the installation method as Write files directly.

Where is the administration interface of Joomla?

The admin panel is located at http://localhost/joomla/administrator.

How to install multiple Joomla! applications in the same instance?

By default, the Bitnami Joomla! Stack installs Joomla! in the installdir/apps/joomla directory and configures it to use the bitnami_joomla database. The URL to Joomla! is usually http://localhost/joomla.

After completing the steps explained below, this Joomla! installation will be in the installdir/apps/joomla1 directory and use the bitnami_joomla1 database. The URL will change to http://localhost/joomla1.

Of course, you can change the prefix to a different one, and you can use Apache virtual hosts to have a different URL for each Joomla! site

Modify Apache Configuration

Follow these steps:

  • Rename the Joomla! application folder:

     $ sudo mv installdir/apps/joomla installdir/apps/joomla1
    
  • Modify the Joomla! configuration file for Apache at installdir/apps/joomla1/conf/httpd-prefix.conf to use the new path:

     DocumentRoot "installdir/apps/joomla1/htdocs"
     Alias /joomla1/ "installdir/apps/joomla1/htdocs/"
     Alias /joomla1 "installdir/apps/joomla1/htdocs"
     Include "installdir/apps/joomla1/conf/httpd-app.conf"
    
  • Modify the .httpd-app configuration file at installdir/apps/joomla1/conf/httpd-app.conf to use the new path:

     <Directory "installdir/apps/joomla1/htdocs">
     ...
     Include "installdir/apps/joomla1/conf/banner.conf"
     Include "installdir/apps/joomla1/conf/htaccess.conf"
    
  • Modify the Apache .htaccess file at installdir/apps/joomla1/conf/htaccess.conf to use the new path:

     <Directory "installdir/apps/joomla1/htdocs">
     ...
     RewriteBase /joomla1
    
  • Should you wish to use Apache virtual hosts, also modify the lines below in the installdir/apps/joomla1/conf/httpd-vhosts.conf file to use the new path:

     DocumentRoot "installdir/apps/joomla1/htdocs"
     Include "installdir/apps/joomla1/conf/httpd-app.conf"
     ...
     DocumentRoot "installdir/apps/joomla1/htdocs"
     SSLEngine on
     SSLCertificateFile "installdir/apps/joomla1/conf/certs/server.crt"
     SSLCertificateKeyFile "installdir/apps/joomla1/conf/certs/server.key"
     Include "installdir/apps/joomla1/conf/httpd-app.conf"
    
  • Modify the path in the installdir/apps/apache2/conf/bitnami/bitnami-apps-prefix.conf file:

     Include "installdir/apps/joomla1/conf/httpd-prefix.conf"
    

    If using virtual hosts, comment out the line above and instead add the following line to the installdir/apache2/conf/bitnami/bitnami-apps-vhosts.conf file:

     Include "installdir/apps/joomla1/conf/httpd-vhosts.conf"
    

Modify MySQL Configuration

Follow these steps:

  • Using phpMyAdmin, select the bitnami_joomla database in the left side menu, click the "Operations" tab and rename it to bitnami_joomla1.

    phpMyAdmin database management

  • Modify the database configuration in Joomla! to use the new database by editing the installdir/apps/joomla1/htdocs/configuration.php file and modifying it as below:

     /*Database Settings */
     public $user = 'bn_joomla1';
     // DB username
     public $password = 'DATABASE_PASSWORD';
     // DB password
     public $db = 'bitnami_joomla1';
     // DB database name
     ...
     public $ftp_root = 'installdir/apps/joomla1/htdocs';
     public $ftp_enable = '1';
     public $tmp_path = 'installdir/apps/joomla1/tmp';
     public $log_path = 'installdir/apps/joomla1/logs';
    
NOTE: Copy the value appears in the DATABASE_PASSWORD placeholder and save it in a safe place. It will be required in the next step.
  • Grant access to the new database to the user bn_joomla1 by executing the following command:

     sudo installdir/mysql/bin/mysql -u root -p
    
  • Insert your application password to access the database and replace the DATABASE_PASSWORD placeholder with the value you have copied from the previous file.

     Password: ****
     mysql> grant all privileges on bitnami_joomla1.* to 'bn_joomla1'@'localhost' identified by 'DATABASE_PASSWORD';
    
  • Restart the Apache server so that it uses the new configuration:

     $ sudo installdir/ctlscript.sh restart apache
    

Your Joomla! instance should now be accessible at the URL http://localhost/joomla1.

Install a New Joomla! Application

Follow these steps:

  • Download a new Joomla! module from the Bitnami website and install it on the server. Here are example commands for the Linux platform:

     $ wget https://bitnami.com/redirect/to/35442/bitnami-joomla-3.3.0-0-module-linux-x64-installer.run
     $ chmod a+x bitnami-joomla-3.3.0-0-module-linux-x64-installer.run
     $ sudo ./bitnami-joomla-3.3.0-0-module-linux-x64-installer.run
    
  • During the installation process, choose installdir as the installation path when prompted.

You should now have two Joomla! sites using the same Apache and MySQL servers.

nativeInstaller

Bitnami Documentation