Recover a MariaDB database

Check logs

Before trying to recover a MariaDB database, you should check the exact error in the log file. To check the latest entries in the MariaDB log file, run the command below:

$ sudo tail -n 100 /opt/bitnami/mariadb/logs/mysqld.log

Restart and repair the database

Assume the following error in the log file:

110108 10:37:45 [ERROR] Fatal error: Can't open and lock privilege tables: Table 'user' is marked as crashed
  • The MariaDB database is configured to use InnoDB engine by default. You can add the innodb_force_recovery=1 option in the main MariaDB configuration file at /opt/bitnami/mariadb/my.cnf to try and fix the database:

      innodb_force_recovery = 1
  • Start the MariaDB database with the following command:

      $ mysqld --skip-grant-tables --user=mysql --skip-external-locking --port=3306 --sock=/opt/bitnami/mariadb/tmp/mysql.sock
  • Open a new console and try to log in to the database:

      $ mysql -u root -p
  • In this case, the error was related to the mysql.user table. Run these commands:

      MariaDB> use mysql;
      MariaDB> repair table user;
      MariaDB> check table user;
      MariaDB> exit;

If the table is recovered, you should see “OK” in the mysql.user status table. Do not forget to remove the innodb_force_recovery option from the my.cnf file and restart the MariaDB server again.

$ sudo /opt/bitnami/ restart mariadb

If you find a different error or cannot fix an issue, we can try to help at

Last modification February 9, 2023