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Operating systems

We currently support only Linux. The main Linux distributions supported are Ubuntu, Amazon Linux and Red Hat.

Review more detailed information about the base image, bundled components and versions.

Updates to base system

Connect to the server via SSH and execute the following commands:

$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

Root password

No password is configured for the root account by default. Use the sudo command to switch to the root user account, as shown below. You will not be asked for the password.

$ sudo su -

Learn more about the sudo command.

Default Apache/MySQL servers

Servers started with the Bitnami Cloud Hosting dashboard come pre-installed with various servers and development tools, such as MySQL, Apache, PHP, Ruby and others.

Should you wish to install, start or stop the system’s default Apache/MySQL servers, be sure to stop the Bitnami-provided services first by executing the following command:

$ /opt/bitnami/ctlscript.sh stop

To avoid the Bitnami-provided services restarting when the server reboots, also remove the ctlscript.sh entry from the /etc/init.d/bitnami initialization script.

Installation path

Bitnami stack components, such as Apache, MySQL, PHP and Ruby, are installed in the /opt/bitnami directory. Web applications are installed in the /opt/bitnami/apps directory.

MySQL, PHP and Apache versions

Log in to your server console via SSH and run the following commands to obtain this information:

$ /opt/bitnami/mysql/bin/mysql -V ; /opt/bitnami/apache2/bin/apachectl -V; /opt/bitnami/php/bin/php -v

Review more detailed information about the base image, bundled components and versions.

Development environment for Ruby, PHP or Java

To get a ready-to-run development environment for PHP, Ruby on Rails or Java on Bitnami Cloud Hosting, simply launch a server from the Bitnami Cloud Hosting console without adding any applications to it. This will produce a server with the “base stack”, which contains all these components.

Review more detailed information about the base image, bundled components and versions.