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Magento for Bitnami Cloud Hosting


Magento is a powerful open source e-Commerce platform. Its rich feature set includes loyalty programs, product categorization, shopper filtering, promotion rules, and much more.

First steps with the Bitnami Magento Stack

Welcome to your new Bitnami application running on Bitnami Cloud Hosting! Here are a few questions (and answers!) you might need when first starting with your application.

What credentials do I need?

You need two sets of credentials:

  • The application credentials, consisting of a username and password. These credentials allow you to log in to your new Bitnami application.

  • The server credentials, consisting of an SSH username and key. These credentials allow you to log in to your Bitnami Cloud Hosting server using an SSH client and execute commands on the server using the command line.

What is the administrator username set for me to log in to the application for the first time?

Username: user

What is the administrator password?

Click here for instructions.

What SSH username should I use for secure shell access to my application?

SSH username: bitnami

How do I get my SSH key or password?

You can obtain your SSH key from the Bitnami Cloud Hosting dashboard. Click here for more information.

What are the default ports?

A port is an endpoint of communication in an operating system that identifies a specific process or a type of service. Bitnami stacks include several services or servers that require a port.

Remember that if you need to open some ports you can follow the instructions given in the FAQ to learn how to open the server ports for remote access.

Port 22 is the default port for SSH connections.

Bitnami opens some ports for the main servers. These are the ports opened by default: 80, 443.

How to start or stop the services?

Each Bitnami stack includes a control script that lets you easily stop, start and restart services. The script is located at /opt/bitnami/ Call it without any service name arguments to start all services:

$ sudo /opt/bitnami/ start

Or use it to restart a single service, such as Apache only, by passing the service name as argument:

$ sudo /opt/bitnami/ restart apache

Use this script to stop all services:

$ sudo /opt/bitnami/ stop

Restart the services by running the script without any arguments:

$ sudo /opt/bitnami/ restart

Obtain a list of available services and operations by running the script without any arguments:

$ sudo /opt/bitnami/

How to access the administration panel?

Access the administration panel by browsing to http://SERVER-IP/admin.

Using the Magento CLI

The Bitnami Magento Stack uses the file system ownership for one user approach.

In order to solve permissions and ownership issues, Bitnami has created the magento-cli tool. This, can replace the regular magento Command Line Interface. To use it, you just need to execute a Magento command as shown below. Remember to replace the YOUR_MAGENTO_COMMAND placeholder with the command to be executed.

$ cd /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs/
$ sudo bin/magento-cli YOUR_MAGENTO_COMMAND

How to enable multi-site support?

NOTE: This configuration guide assumes that the Apache server is using port 80, and that Magento is running at the root URL.

Multi-store support in Magento is an important feature. This guide will attempt to set up and, both sharing the same catalog. You can also configure subdomains if you prefer, and use a different catalog for each store.

Add new categories

To begin with, add new Categories. You can add Subcategories or Root Categories, depending on whether you want to share the catalog or not. In this case, create two Subcategories, "Shoes" and "Clothes".

To do so, go to the "Products -> Categories -> Add Subcategory" menu. Use the name you want, set "Is Active" to "Yes" in the "General Information" tab, and "Is Anchor" to "Yes" in the "Display Settings" tab. #### Configure the stores

The next step is to create the websites. To do so, go to the "Stores -> All Stores -> Create Website" menu. In the "Name" field, enter the domain of your new site and in the "Code" field, the code Magento will use to call this site. Here's an example:

Magento store configuration

Once the websites have been created, create the store corresponding to each website by clicking the "Create Store" button in the "Stores -> All Stores -> Create Store" menu. "Website" is the website to which this store will be associated, "Name" is the same as "Website", and "Root Category" is the root category that will be used for this store.

Magento store view

Finally, create the store view, which is the interface that the customer will access on the front-end. Click the "Create Store View" button in the "Stores -> All Stores" menu. Set the "Store" field to the store which this view will be associated with. Enter the name of this store view, the code for this store view and use the "Status" field to enable the store view and make it accessible from the front-end.

Magento store view

After the store has been created, go to the "System -> Configuration -> General" menu and make sure that "Default Config" is selected under "Current Configuration Scope". Select the Web section and set "Auto-redirect to Base URL" to "No" under the "URL Options" menu.

Magento store configuration

Configure the "Unsecure Base URL" and "Secure Base URL" for your newly created stores. Before setting their respective base URLs, ensure that the configuration scope is set to the website to define which site you are working on.

Magento store configuration

Then, modify the base URLs for both "Unsecure" and "Secure" scenarios with the corresponding domain name by unchecking the "Use default [STORE VIEW]" checkbox . Save the configuration.

Magento store configuration

Magento store configuration

Repeat the steps above for

Configure the Apache server

The next step is to configure Apache to use Virtual Hosts and redirect depending on the domain.

Add the following line to include the Magento configuration file for Virtual Hosts in the /opt/bitnami/apache2/conf/bitnami/bitnami-apps-vhosts.conf file:

Include "/opt/bitnami/apps/magento/conf/httpd-vhosts.conf"

Add the new domains to the VirtualHosts, into the ServerAlias directive, in the /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/conf/httpd-vhosts.conf file

<VirtualHost *:80>
  DocumentRoot "/opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs/"
  Include "/opt/bitnami/apps/magento/conf/httpd-app.conf"

Add the following lines at the end of the /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/conf/htaccess.conf file to redirect the request depending on the domain.

SetEnvIf Host www\.domain1\.com MAGE_RUN_CODE=domain1_com
SetEnvIf Host www\.domain1\.com MAGE_RUN_TYPE=website
SetEnvIf Host ^domain1\.com MAGE_RUN_CODE=domain1_com
SetEnvIf Host ^domain1\.com MAGE_RUN_TYPE=website

SetEnvIf Host www\.domain2\.com MAGE_RUN_CODE=domain2_com
SetEnvIf Host www\.domain2\.com MAGE_RUN_TYPE=website
SetEnvIf Host ^domain2\.com MAGE_RUN_CODE=domain2_com
SetEnvIf Host ^domain2\.com MAGE_RUN_TYPE=website

Here, MAGE_RUN_CODE is the code provided when configuring the New Website.

Restart the Apache server to load the new configuration.

$ sudo /opt/bitnami/ restart apache

You should now have different stores depending on the domain used.

How to install an extension using Composer

Before you can install any extension in Magento 2 you need to create a Magento Marketplace account. Then you can access you keys under the Access Keys section.

Once you have your Magento Marketplace keys ready, proceed to install the extension:

$ sudo composer require mailchimp/mc-magento2

The system will ask you for your Marketplace keys and proceed to download the extension.

Once this process is complete, update your modules as shown below:

$ bin/magento-cli setup:upgrade

Some specific extensions may require some additional steps, so it is always recommended to carefully check the installation instructions of the extension.

How to configure PHP-FPM options?

To override any of the PHP configuration options (eg. memory_limit, max_execution_time), set these options in the /opt/bitnami/php/etc/php.ini file and in the /opt/bitnami/apps/APPNAME/conf/php-fpm/php-settings.conf file.

For example, to increase the PHP memory limit, edit the /opt/bitnami/APPNAME/conf/php-fpm/php-settings.conf file and set the corresponding variable as follows. Replace the NEW_LIMIT placeholder with the new memory limit you wish to use.


Then, also modify the /opt/bitnami/php/etc/php.ini file and set the memory_limit variable to a new value, as shown below:


Restart Apache and PHP-FPM for the changes to take effect:

$ /opt/bitnami/ restart apache
$ /opt/bitnami/ restart php-fpm

How to create a full backup of Magento?


The Bitnami Magento Stack is self-contained and the simplest option for performing a backup is to copy or compress the Bitnami stack installation directory. To do so in a safe manner, you will need to stop all servers, so this method may not be appropriate if you have people accessing the application continuously.

Follow these steps:

  • Change to the directory in which you wish to save your backup:

      $ cd /your/directory
  • Stop all servers:

      $ sudo /opt/bitnami/ stop
  • Create a compressed file with the stack contents:

      $ sudo tar -pczvf application-backup.tar.gz /opt/bitnami
  • Restart all servers:

      $ sudo /opt/bitnami/ start

You should now download or transfer the application-backup.tar.gz file to a safe location.


Follow these steps:

  • Change to the directory containing your backup:

      $ cd /your/directory
  • Stop all servers:

      $ sudo /opt/bitnami/ stop
  • Move the current stack to a different location:

      $ sudo mv /opt/bitnami /tmp/bitnami-backup
  • Uncompress the backup file to the original directoryv

      $ sudo tar -pxzvf application-backup.tar.gz -C /
  • Start all servers:

      $ sudo /opt/bitnami/ start

If you want to create only a database backup, refer to these instructions for MySQL and PostgreSQL.

How to upgrade Magento?

It is strongly recommended to create a backup before starting the update process. If you have important data, create and try to restore a backup to ensure that everything works properly.

You can upgrade the application only without modifying any other stack components, as described below:

  • Visit the Magento Marketplace and obtain your public/private access key pair using the "My Account -> Connect -> Developers -> Secure Keys" section. If you don't have a Magento Marketplace account, create one here.

    Magento upgrade

  • Log in to Magento's administration panel and navigate to the "System -> Web Setup Wizard -> System Configuration" section.

  • Enter the public and private keys and click "Save Config" to save the changes.

    Magento upgrade

  • Navigate to the "System -> Web Setup Wizard -> System Upgrade" section.

  • The upgrade process should begin. Follow the prompts to complete the upgrade.

For more information, refer to the Magento documentation.

How to enable HTTPS support with SSL certificates?

NOTE: The steps below assume that you are using a custom domain name and that you have already configured the custom domain name to point to your cloud server.

Bitnami images come with SSL support already pre-configured and with a dummy certificate in place. Although this dummy certificate is fine for testing and development purposes, you will usually want to use a valid SSL certificate for production use. You can either generate this on your own (explained here) or you can purchase one from a commercial certificate authority.

Once you obtain the certificate and certificate key files, you will need to update your server to use them. Follow these steps to activate SSL support:

  • Use the table below to identify the correct locations for your certificate and configuration files.

    Variable Value
    Current application URL https://[custom-domain]/
      Example: or
    Apache configuration file /opt/bitnami/apache2/conf/bitnami/bitnami.conf
    Certificate file /opt/bitnami/apache2/conf/server.crt
    Certificate key file /opt/bitnami/apache2/conf/server.key
    CA certificate bundle file (if present) /opt/bitnami/apache2/conf/server-ca.crt
  • Copy your SSL certificate and certificate key file to the specified locations.

    NOTE: If you use different names for your certificate and key files, you should reconfigure the SSLCertificateFile and SSLCertificateKeyFile directives in the corresponding Apache configuration file to reflect the correct file names.
  • If your certificate authority has also provided you with a PEM-encoded Certificate Authority (CA) bundle, you must copy it to the correct location in the previous table. Then, modify the Apache configuration file to include the following line below the SSLCertificateKeyFile directive. Choose the correct directive based on your scenario and Apache version:

    Variable Value
    Apache configuration file /opt/bitnami/apache2/conf/bitnami/bitnami.conf
    Directive to include (Apache v2.4.8+) SSLCACertificateFile "/opt/bitnami/apache2/conf/server-ca.crt"
    Directive to include (Apache < v2.4.8) SSLCertificateChainFile "/opt/bitnami/apache2/conf/server-ca.crt"
    NOTE: If you use a different name for your CA certificate bundle, you should reconfigure the SSLCertificateChainFile or SSLCACertificateFile directives in the corresponding Apache configuration file to reflect the correct file name.
  • Once you have copied all the server certificate files, you may make them readable by the root user only with the following commands:

     $ sudo chown root:root /opt/bitnami/apache2/conf/server*
     $ sudo chmod 600 /opt/bitnami/apache2/conf/server*
  • Open port 443 in the server firewall. Refer to the FAQ for more information.

  • Restart the Apache server.

You should now be able to access your application using an HTTPS URL.

How to create an SSL certificate?

OpenSSL is required to create an SSL certificate. A certificate request can then be sent to a certificate authority (CA) to get it signed into a certificate, or if you have your own certificate authority, you may sign it yourself, or you can use a self-signed certificate (because you just want a test certificate or because you are setting up your own CA).

Follow the steps below:

  • Generate a new private key:

     $ sudo openssl genrsa -out /opt/bitnami/apache2/conf/server.key 2048
  • Create a certificate:

     $ sudo openssl req -new -key /opt/bitnami/apache2/conf/server.key -out /opt/bitnami/apache2/conf/cert.csr
    IMPORTANT: Enter the server domain name when the above command asks for the "Common Name".
  • Send cert.csr to the certificate authority. When the certificate authority completes their checks (and probably received payment from you), they will hand over your new certificate to you.

  • Until the certificate is received, create a temporary self-signed certificate:

     $ sudo openssl x509 -in /opt/bitnami/apache2/conf/cert.csr -out /opt/bitnami/apache2/conf/server.crt -req -signkey /opt/bitnami/apache2/conf/server.key -days 365
  • Back up your private key in a safe location after generating a password-protected version as follows:

     $ sudo openssl rsa -des3 -in /opt/bitnami/apache2/conf/server.key -out privkey.pem

    Note that if you use this encrypted key in the Apache configuration file, it will be necessary to enter the password manually every time Apache starts. Regenerate the key without password protection from this file as follows:

     $ sudo openssl rsa -in privkey.pem -out /opt/bitnami/apache2/conf/server.key

Find more information about certificates at

How to force HTTPS redirection?

Add the following to the top of the /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/conf/httpd-prefix.conf file:

RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on
RewriteRule ^/(.*) https://%{SERVER_NAME}/$1 [R,L]

After modifying the Apache configuration files:

  • Open port 443 in the server firewall. Refer to the FAQ for more information.

  • Restart Apache to apply the changes.

How to debug Apache errors?

Once Apache starts, it will create two log files at /opt/bitnami/apache2/logs/access_log and /opt/bitnami/apache2/logs/error_log respectively.

  • The access_log file is used to track client requests. When a client requests a document from the server, Apache records several parameters associated with the request in this file, such as: the IP address of the client, the document requested, the HTTP status code, and the current time.

  • The error_log file is used to record important events. This file includes error messages, startup messages, and any other significant events in the life cycle of the server. This is the first place to look when you run into a problem when using Apache.

If no error is found, you will see a message similar to:

Syntax OK

Updating the IP address or hostname

Magento requires updating the IP address/domain name if the machine IP address/domain name changes. The bnconfig tool also has an option which updates the IP address, called --machine_hostname (use --help to check if that option is available for your application). Note that this tool changes the URL to http://NEW_DOMAIN/magento.

$ sudo /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/bnconfig --machine_hostname NEW_DOMAIN

If you have configured your machine to use a static domain name or IP address, you should rename or remove the /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/bnconfig file.

$ sudo mv /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/bnconfig /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/bnconfig.disabled
NOTE: Be sure that your domain is propagated. Otherwise, this will not work. You can verify the new DNS record by using the Global DNS Propagation Checker and entering your domain name into the search field.

You can also change your hostname by modifying it in your hosts file. Enter the new hostname using your preferred editor.

$ sudo nano /etc/hosts
  • Add a new line with the IP address and the new hostname. Here's an example. Remember to replace the IP-ADDRESS and DOMAIN placeholders with the correct IP address and domain name.


How to find the database credentials?

How to connect to the MySQL database?

You can connect to the MySQL database from the same computer where it is installed with the mysql client tool.

$ mysql -u root -p

You will be prompted to enter the root user password. This is the same as the application password.

How to debug errors in your database?

The main log file is created at /opt/bitnami/mysql/data/mysqld.log on the MySQL database server host.

How to change the MySQL root password?

You can modify the MySQL password using the following command at the shell prompt. Replace the NEW_PASSWORD placeholder with the actual password you wish to set.

$ /opt/bitnami/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -p -u root password NEW_PASSWORD

How to reset the MySQL root password?

If you don't remember your MySQL root password, you can follow the steps below to reset it to a new value:

  • Create a file in /home/bitnami/mysql-init with the content shown below (replace NEW_PASSWORD with the password you wish to use):

     UPDATE mysql.user SET Password=PASSWORD('NEW_PASSWORD') WHERE User='root';

    If your stack ships MySQL v5.7.x, use the following content instead of that shown above:

     UPDATE mysql.user SET authentication_string=PASSWORD('NEW_PASSWORD') WHERE User='root';
    TIP: Check the MySQL version with the command /opt/bitnami/mysql/bin/mysqladmin --version or /opt/bitnami/mysql/bin/mysqld --version.
  • Stop the MySQL server:

     $ sudo /opt/bitnami/ stop mysql
  • Start MySQL with the following command:

     $ sudo /opt/bitnami/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe --pid-file=/opt/bitnami/mysql/data/ --datadir=/opt/bitnami/mysql/data --init-file=/home/bitnami/mysql-init 2> /dev/null &
  • Restart the MySQL server:

     $ sudo /opt/bitnami/ restart mysql
  • Remove the script:

     $ rm /home/bitnami/mysql-init

How to access phpMyAdmin?

For security reasons, phpMyAdmin is accessible only when using as the hostname. To access it from a remote system, you must create an SSH tunnel that routes requests to the Web server from This implies that you must be able to connect to your server over SSH in order to access these applications remotely.

IMPORTANT: Before following the steps below, ensure that your Web and database servers are running.
NOTE: The steps below suggest using port 8888 for the SSH tunnel. If this port is already in use by another application on your local machine, replace it with any other port number greater than 1024 and modify the steps below accordingly. Similarly, if you have enabled Varnish, your stack's Web server might be running on port 81. In this case, modify the steps below to use port 81 instead of port 80 for the tunnel endpoint.

Accessing phpMyAdmin on Windows

Watch the following video to learn how to easily access phpMyAdmin on Windows through an SSH tunnel:

In order to access phpMyAdmin via SSH tunnel you need an SSH client. In the instructions below we have selected PuTTY, a free SSH client for Windows and UNIX platforms. The first step is having PuTTY configured. Please, check how to configure it in the section how to connect to the server through SSH using an SSH client on Windows.

Once you have your SSH client correctly configured and you tested that you can successfully access to your instance via SSH, you need to create an SSH tunnel in order to access phpMyAdmin. For doing so, follow these steps:

  • In the "Connection -> SSH -> Tunnels" section, add a new forwarded port by introducing the following values:

    • Source port: 8888
    • Destination: localhost:80

    This will create a secure tunnel by forwarding a port (the "destination port") on the remote server to a port (the "source port") on the local host ( or localhost).

  • Click the "Add" button to add the secure tunnel configuration to the session. (You'll see the added port in the list of "Forwarded ports").

    PuTTY configuration

  • In the "Session" section, save your changes by clicking the "Save" button.
  • Click the "Open" button to open an SSH session to the server. The SSH session will now include a secure SSH tunnel between the two specified ports.
  • Access the phpMyAdmin console through the secure SSH tunnel you created, by browsing to
  • Log in to phpMyAdmin by using the following credentials:

    • Username: root
    • Password: application password. (Refer to our FAQ to learn how to find your application credentials).

Here is an example of what you should see:

Access phpMyAdmin

If you are unable to access phpMyAdmin, verify that the SSH tunnel was created by checking the PuTTY event log (accessible via the "Event Log" menu):

PuTTY configuration

Accessing phpMyAdmin on Linux and Mac OS X

To access the application using your Web browser, create an SSH tunnel, as described below.

  • Open a new terminal window on your local system (for example, using "Finder -> Applications -> Utilities -> Terminal" in Mac OS X or the Dash in Ubuntu).
  • Make sure that you have your SSH credentials (.pem key file) in hand.
  • Run the following command to configure the SSH tunnel. Remember to replace KEYFILE with the path to your private key and SERVER-IP with the public IP address or hostname of your server:

       $ ssh -N -L 8888: -i KEYFILE bitnami@SERVER-IP
NOTE: If successful, the above command will create an SSH tunnel but will not display any output on the server console.
  • Access the phpMyAdmin console through the secure SSH tunnel you created, by browsing to
  • Log in to phpMyAdmin by using the following credentials:

    • Username: root
    • Password: application password. (Refer to our FAQ to learn how to find your application credentials).

Here is an example of what you should see:

Access phpMyAdmin

How to modify PHP settings?

The PHP configuration file allows you to configure the modules enabled, the email settings or the size of the upload files. It is located at /opt/bitnami/php/etc/php.ini.

For example, to modify the default upload limit for PHP, update the PHP configuration file following these instructions.

After modifying the PHP configuration file, restart both Apache and PHP-FPM for the changes to take effect:

$ sudo /opt/bitnami/ restart apache
$ sudo /opt/bitnami/ restart php-fpm

How to modify the allowed limit for uploaded files?

Modify the following options in the /opt/bitnami/php/etc/php.ini file to increase the allowed size for uploads:

; Maximum size of POST data that PHP will accept.
post_max_size = 16M

; Maximum allowed size for uploaded files.
upload_max_filesize = 16M

Restart PHP-FPM and Apache for the changes to take effect.

$ sudo /opt/bitnami/ restart apache
$ sudo /opt/bitnami/ restart php-fpm    

How to upload files to the server with SFTP?

Although you can use any SFTP/SCP client to transfer files to your server, the link below explains how to configure FileZilla (Windows, Linux and Mac OS X), WinSCP (Windows) and Cyberduck (Mac OS X). It is required to use your server's private SSH key to configure the SFTP client properly. Choose your preferred application and follow the steps in the link below to connect to the server through SFTP.

How to upload files to the server

How to access the Magento administration panel?

The Magento administration panel is available at the URL http://SERVER-IP/admin by default.

How to connect to the Magento API (REST, SOAP)?

The Magento API is available at the URL http://SERVER-IP/magento/index.php/api/ by default.

How to create a backup of Magento using the admin interface?

To create a backup of Magento, follow these steps:

  • Browse to Magento's administration panel.

  • Navigate to the "System -> Tools > Backups" menu.

  • Find the three orange buttons near the top right corner. These perform the following functions:

    • System Backup will create a .tgz file with the entire source code of your Magento installation and your database. For most cases, this is the recommended backup option and the most complete. It may take several minutes.

    • Database and Media Backup will create a .tgz file with your Magento database and the contents of the media directory. Take care that this backup does not add other assets like theme files.

    • Database Backup will only create a .sql.gz file with the database of your Magento installation.

You may also put your Magento store in maintenance mode while creating the backup.

Magento backup

How to restore a database backup of Magento?

If you have a database backup file created using the admin interface, you can import and restore it when you need to. Two options are available when importing your database.

Using phpMyAdmin

NOTE: phpMyAdmin only allows upload of an 80MB database file or less. If your database file is greater than 80MB, use the command line instead.
  • Browse to phpMyAdmin and login with your username and password.
  • Navigate to Magento's database.
  • Use the "Import" tab and select your .sql.gz file.
  • Click the "Go" button.

This might take a few minutes. Once done, you will see Magento's tables in the database.

Using the command line

  • Navigate to your Magento installation directory using the server console.
  • Make sure that the database backup file is already present on the machine.
  • Enter the following command to import your database. Note that you must change the database name bitnami_magento if your database has a different name.

     $ gunzip > /path/to/database/file/magento.sql.gz | mysql -u root -p bitnami_magento

How to configure Magento modes?

Magento works in different modes. The Bitnami Magento Stack enables "default" mode. These are the modes availables:

  • Default: Enables you to deploy the Magento application on a single server without changing any settings. However, default mode is not optimized for production.

  • Developer: Intended for development only. It disables static view file caching, enables enhanced debugging and verbose loggind, which results in a slower performance.

  • Production: Intended for deployment on a production system. Exceptions are not displayed to the user, exceptions are written to logs only, and static view files are served from cache only. New or updated files are not written to the file system.

Find more details about modes in Magento's official documentation.

In order to display the current mode, run the following command:

$ sudo /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs/bin/magento-cli deploy:mode:show

A message similar to the following will appear:

Current application mode: default.

To change to another mode, run this command replacing MODE with the "default", "developer" or "production"

$ sudo /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs/bin/magento-cli deploy:mode:set MODE

Here's an example that sets Magento to production mode:

$ sudo /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs/bin/magento-cli deploy:mode:set production

A message similar to the following will appear:

Enabled maintenance mode
Starting compilation

If changing from production mode to developer mode, delete the contents of the var/generation and var/di directories before setting the mode:

$ sudo rm -rf /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs/var/di/* /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs/var/generation/*

How to configure the Magento cron task?

Magento cron tasks are enabled for cloud images by default. Check if they are working by running this command:

$ sudo cat /etc/crontab

The output should contain these lines if they are enabled:

* * * * * daemon /opt/bitnami/php/bin/php /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs/bin/magento-cli cron:run -vvv 2>&1 >> /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs/var/log/magento-cron.log #magento-cron
* * * * * daemon /opt/bitnami/php/bin/php /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs/update/cron.php 2>&1 >> /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs/var/log/magento-update-cron.log #magento-update-cron
* * * * * daemon /opt/bitnami/php/bin/php /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs/bin/magento-cli setup:cron:run -vvv 2>&1 >> /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs/var/log/magento-setup-cron.log #magento-setup-cron

If you wish to disable it, just follow the steps below:

  • Edit the /etc/crontab file:

      $ sudo nano /etc/crontab
  • Comment the following lines:

      #* * * * * daemon /opt/bitnami/php/bin/php /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs/bin/magento cron:run
      #* * * * * daemon /opt/bitnami/php/bin/php /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs/update/cron.php
      #* * * * * daemon /opt/bitnami/php/bin/php /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs/bin/magento setup:cron:run
  • Save the file and exit.

How to configure Varnish for Magento on Bitnami Cloud Hosting?

NOTE: The steps below assume that Magento is already running at the root URL of the server, such as at

Follow these steps:

  • Log in to the server console using SSH.

  • Enable and start Varnish. Skip this step if you selected "Varnish" as part of the "Development Options" when creating the server. The Varnish service will start on port 81 by default.

  • Backup the Varnish configuration file:

     $ sudo cp /opt/bitnami/varnish/etc/varnish/default.vcl /opt/bitnami/varnish/etc/varnish/default.vcl.backup
  • Add the Magento-specific Varnish configuration by executing the following commands:

     $ bash < <(curl -s
     $ source ~/.profile
     $ cd /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs
     $ modman init
     $ modman clone magneto-varnish 
    • For Varnish < 4.0:

        $ sudo cp magento-varnish3.vcl /opt/bitnami/varnish/etc/varnish/default.vcl
        $ sudo sed -i 's/port = "8008"/port = "80"/g' /opt/bitnami/varnish/etc/varnish/default.vcl
    • For Varnish >= 4.0:

        $ sudo cp magento.v4 /opt/bitnami/varnish/etc/varnish/default.vcl
        $ sudo sed -i 's/port = "8008"/port = "80"/g' /opt/bitnami/varnish/etc/varnish/default.vcl
  • Review other settings in the file /opt/bitnami/varnish/etc/varnish/default.vcl.

  • Enable "Varnish" in the Magento administration panel under the "System -> Cache Management" menu.

  • Flush the Magento cache:

     $ sudo rm -rf /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs/var/cache/*
     $ sudo rm -rf /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs/var/sessions/*
  • Restart Varnish:

     $ cd /opt/bitnami
     $ sudo /opt/bitnami/ restart varnish
  • Open port 81 in the server firewall.

  • Check if your website is being served properly by Varnish on port 81 by adding :81 to the domain name in your browser - for example, There is also a Web page to check Varnish status and obtain information about the configuration, at

  • If Varnish is working correctly, switch the Apache and Varnish ports and activate Varnish on port 80:

     $ sudo sed -i 's/^\s*Listen .*$/Listen 81/g' /opt/bitnami/apache2/conf/httpd.conf
     $ sudo sed -i 's/\:80/\:81/g' /opt/bitnami/apache2/conf/bitnami/bitnami.conf
     $ sudo sed -i 's/at port.*"/at port 81"/g' /opt/bitnami/apache2/scripts/
     $ sudo sed -i 's/\:80/\:81/g' /opt/bitnami/apps/*/conf/httpd-vhosts.conf
     $ sudo sed -i 's/=80/=81/g' properties.ini
     $ sudo sed -i 's/port\s*=\s*"[^"]*"/port = "81"/g' varnish/etc/varnish/default.vcl
     $ sudo sed -i 's/VARNISH_PORT=.*$/VARNISH_PORT=80/g' varnish/scripts/
     $ sudo /opt/bitnami/ restart
  • Remove the firewall rule for port 81.

Download the different files used in the example as a reference:

How to flush the cache?

In order to purge out-of-date items from the cache, you can clean or flush cache types:

  • Cleaning a cache type deletes all items from enabled Magento cache types only. In other words, this option does not affect other processes or applications because it only cleans the cache used by Magento. Disabled cache types are not cleaned.
  • Flushing a cache type purges the cache storage, which might affect other processes applications that are using the same storage.

Flush cache types if you've already tried cleaning the cache and you still have unresolved issues.

Flush the cache using the command line

$ sudo /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs/bin/magento-cli cache:clean
$ sudo /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs/bin/magento-cli cache:flush

For example, to flush all cache types, enter

$ sudo /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs/bin/magento-cli cache:flush --all

Flush the cache using the web interface

Flushing all cache types:

  • Open the Administration panel and click on "System-> Tools-> Cache Management".
  • Select all cache types and "Refresh" action in the drop down box located on the top left margin.
  • Click both buttons "Flush Magento Cache" and "Flush Cache Storage".

Flushing the cache from the web interface

How to disable the cache?

TIP: This is recommended only if templates or source files are being changed.

Go to "System -> Tools -> Cache Management", mark all cache types and select "Disable" in the action box. Click the "Submit" button.

Disable the cache from the web interface

How to migrate your Magento installation?

There are two important steps when migrating a Magento Stack: create a backup of your system and database on the old server, and restore it to the new one. To make this process easier, divide them into four sub-steps.

Export the Magento installation files and database

The first step you need to follow is to create a full backup both of the Magento installation files and its database. Once you have obtained the backup files, export and save them to a safe location. In the old machine you have installed Magento, perform the following:

  • Create a system backup using the Magento admin interface section. Remember to select the "System Backup" option.

    TIP: You can enable the maintenance mode while creating the backup. Visitors will see a "Service Temporarily Unavailable" message in their web browsers instead of the store.
    • Once the backup has been created, you will see your backup in the list of available backup files. Select the one you have created and click on the tgz link to download it.

    Download the Magento backup file

  • Create a database backup. You can do this manually or with phpMyAdmin. If you use phpMyAdmin, export it as an .sql file.
  • Download the resulting .sql file. If you created the database backup using phpMyAdmin, the file was automatically downloaded. If you created the database backup manually, download the file from your server with SFTP. You can follow these instructions by changing the action from "Upload" to "Download".

Upload the Magento installation backup file

In this step, you just need to upload the Magento installation backup file to the machine where you have installed the new Magento. Upload the file to the new server with SFTP. Then, move it to the /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs/ directory.

Import the database

Follow these instructions to import and restore the database backup into the new Magento installation:

Substitute pub/ and var/ directories

To complete the migration of your old Magento installation to the new one, you need to replace some directories and delete some others in order to save space and clear some useless data.

  • Change to the /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs/ directory and remove the pub/ and var/ folders:

    $ cd /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs/
    $ rm -rf var pub
  • Uncompress the system backup .tar file. To do so, execute the following command (replace the BACKUP_FILE placeholder with the name of your backup file):

    $ sudo tar xzpf BACKUP_FILE
  • Remove the var/cache, var/session, var/report and var/log directories:

    $ cd var
    $ rm -rf cache session report log
  • Stop the database service:

    $ sudo /opt/bitnami/ stop mysql
  • Open the /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs/app/etc/env.php file, check the password, host, port and user values and replace them with the values of your new Magento installation.
  • Restart all the services:

    $ sudo /opt/bitnami/ restart

Now, you should be able to access the new Magento admin panel using the password of your old server. The migration of your old Magento installation has been completed.


When using the Magento command line tool, you may experience some problems related to permissions. If you get a 500 error in your browser, readjust permissions running the following commands:

$ sudo find /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs/ -type d -exec chmod 755 {} \;
$ sudo find /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs/ -type f -exec chmod 644 {} \;
$ sudo chmod +x /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs/bin/magento-cli
$ sudo chown -R daemon:daemon /opt/bitnami/apps/magento/htdocs/

This will make the var/ directory writable again by the Web server user.

How to optimize Magento?

Enable all the application cache options in the Magento administration panel, under the "System -> Cache Management" menu.